Find out what it means when a building is locally listed.
Locally listed buildings are historic buildings that have been judged to be of value to the local community. It helps owners, developers, and decision-makers recognise the building's significance, particularly how it contributes to the character and distinctiveness of the area. The whole of a building is covered under the local listing, however some parts of the building may be more important than others.
Differences between the statutory list and the local list
For the statutory list, the government and Historic England decide which historic buildings meet the criteria.
These type of listed buildings include the following:
- have national designation rather than local
- they are graded on their importance to the country and are protected by law
- listed building consent is needed before certain works can be carried out
With buildings on the local list, special permission to start any alterations or repairs isn't usually needed. However, when works need planning permission, the local listing helps to acknowledge the historical importance of a building. As a result, it becomes a material consideration in the planning process.
The effects of local listing
Local listing provides extra community-based consideration to the national designation. Although it doesn't allow additional planning controls, being locally listed means that a building's conservation as a local heritage asset is considered further. It becomes an objective of the National Planning Policy Framework and is a material consideration when deciding the outcome of a planning application.
We encourage householders to repair original features where possible. However, when repairing isn't practical, we prefer original features to be replaced like-for-like to retain the building's character. As well as conserving the historic environment, this may also help the property value.
The local list process
In North Norfolk, locally listed buildings are mainly identified when reviewing conservation areas or when preparing appraisals and management proposals or plans. This is recognised as best practice, as these processes include public consultation and are part of a recognised plan-making process.
There are some important local buildings or structures that can lie outside conservation areas. Therefore, it is necessary to be flexible with the processes used to decide when to locally list a site. As a result, we will use one of the following scenarios to consider local listing:
- an adopted Conservation Area Appraisal identifies a qualifying building or structure
- a planning application concludes that the building or structure should be included on the list
- a request from a Parish or Town Council or other recognised community group
Is my building locally listed?
Use the planning constraints map to find out if a particular building is on our local list.
Local list criteria
We use the following criteria as a guide to select buildings or structures for local listing in North Norfolk.
A building does not have to meet all of the criteria, it is chosen on its merits and must meet one or more. It is essential that the local list is not devalued by including buildings that do not meet the criteria.
The building or structure is a good example of:
- regional or local style and local distinctiveness
- intrinsic design value relating to local characteristics
- a specific style or function (such as a purpose-built motor garage)
Contribution to the area's appearance
The building or structure forms part of an architecturally important group (known as group value) and have a cohesive design or historical relationship
The building or structure has:
- significantly contributed to the area's history (such as the 1902 lifeboat station at The Gangway, Cromer)
- a historical association with a famous national or local person
- a renowned architect or designer may also have a bearing
Usually, buildings constructed after 1947 are not considered for local listing unless they display a particularly innovative and high-quality design.
Buildings built before 1948 are more likely to be locally listed, provided that they comply with one or more of the other criteria.
The evidence of archaeological interest must be displayed, and a distinct area of interest should be clear.
A particular design or construction.
Attached to historical or natural landscapes or the buildings or structures located within them, such as designed parks and gardens and the grounds of key estates.
A strong communal or historical association or striking aesthetic value which may be a key landmark for the local area.
Social and communal value
A strong source of local identity, social interaction and coherence, community history or tradition.